Briana Potts Ship Models January 25th, 2018 - 10:09:32
Sailing ship models are models of wind-powered ships. In olden times before the advent of the steam engines sailing ships were the primary means of transportation across long distances of water. Sailing ships were used for ferrying passengers cargo mail supplies etc. Some of the developing countries still use sailing boats for fishing. There are many tall ship training vessels that provide recreational sailing experience. In the age of sail yore sailing ships had crucial military applications. Several wars were fought using sailing ships. For example Spanish convoys returning with gold and silver plundered from the newly-discovered Americas needed protection from the pirates. Naval battles were fought among the United Kingdom France Spain and the Netherlands with the help of sailing ships.
Ship models are built-to-scale replicas or representations of sea-going vessels of all types. A model is a decorative art form that promises to enhance lifestyles throughout generations and to create lasting impressions; ship models are marked by elegance prestige and beauty and add luster to the interior of ones home yacht or office. Traditional ship models have been built of wood though current amateur kits provide models made of plastic. There are also models built of sheet metal. The ancient Egyptians were the first to make detailed ship models which were part of funeral practices. Wood models of a ship and crew with accurate details were included in the coffin.
An Admiralty style model could also be a cross section of the hull. This is where all the planking is in place however the model would only represent part of the ship such as the bow mid section or stern. The advantage of building an Admiralty ship model to the ship model builder is that you can add detail to better represent the purpose and era of the ship. Using the Bounty as an example representation can be made for the galley armament room carpentry shop hold captains quarters etc. The Bountys botanical mission was to pick up bread fruit plants so some plants can be added as well as an area that would have been used for the studying of plants and animals discovered along its journey. Prior to starting the ship model the builder should not only study the ship that is being represented but also the era in which the ship was built. Ship building changed from century to century.
Prior to 1600 the bell would have been placed on the stern deck.The ships bell is usually located forward at the break of the forecastle on ship models prior to the 18th century then moved to the after end of the fore castle deck. The ships cook (or his staff) traditionally has the job of shining the ships bell. Bells cast from metal were first developed in the Bronze Age. The ships bell is usually made of brass or bronze bright finished on the outside only and normally has the ships name and date of commission engraved or cast on it then filled in with black enamel. The bell clapper and clapper pin are of a metal composition with a suitable eye in the end for attaching the lanyard. There is a supporting eyebolt. The clapper of the ships bell would be supported by a bronze lug. The ship modeler has the choice of making bells by turning from brass on a lathe electro plating shell method or buying a prefabricated bell. Same with the belfry. A belfry can be carved from wood sculptured from metal or you can buy one premade. On some vessels the bell assembly was hung from the belfry. On other vessels the bell was hung on a curved iron post that was fastened to the deck.