Roseann Casey Ship Models January 23rd, 2018 - 10:28:06
Prior to 1600 the bell would have been placed on the stern deck.The ships bell is usually located forward at the break of the forecastle on ship models prior to the 18th century then moved to the after end of the fore castle deck. The ships cook (or his staff) traditionally has the job of shining the ships bell. Bells cast from metal were first developed in the Bronze Age. The ships bell is usually made of brass or bronze bright finished on the outside only and normally has the ships name and date of commission engraved or cast on it then filled in with black enamel. The bell clapper and clapper pin are of a metal composition with a suitable eye in the end for attaching the lanyard. There is a supporting eyebolt. The clapper of the ships bell would be supported by a bronze lug. The ship modeler has the choice of making bells by turning from brass on a lathe electro plating shell method or buying a prefabricated bell. Same with the belfry. A belfry can be carved from wood sculptured from metal or you can buy one premade. On some vessels the bell assembly was hung from the belfry. On other vessels the bell was hung on a curved iron post that was fastened to the deck.
Some readers of this article may find it too provocative but it needs to be said. After spending 30 years building ship models and twelve years selling radio controlled and wooden ship models to the hobby enthusiast I find there are some frustrations that never go away in the ship model building industry. Lets face it; the business of ship model building operates as a niche industry. Nonetheless radio controlled and wooden ship models are to the hobby enthusiast a very important past time. Rich in history technical challenges and a form of art and legacy; ship modeling is a very rewarding hobby.
Scandinavians developed Viking ships; one of the best ships built in Europe between 700 AD to the late 1000s and in 1300 A.D. introduced the stern rudder. The Mediterranean shipbuilders developed full-rigged sailing ship models in 1450 A.D. From there to the early 1800s ships used were constructed mostly using the plank on frame method rudder control and full-rigged sails. Galleons model ships launched to sea in the 1500s and used to the 1800s. The most famous ship models were the packet and clipper ships. Packet ships appeared in the Atlantic Ocean in the early 1800s followed by the Clipper ships during the 1840s. Both of these models were used as import ships.
The sailing ships had ferried a large number of slaves from countries in the African continent to the United States during the time of flourishing slave trade. With regard to the structure of the sailing ships every vessel has a hull rigging and a mast to hold up the sails that tap the wind to power the ship. Ballasting helps to weigh down the bottom of the ship so that the waves would not push the ship over. Convention had it that only a vessel with three or more masts was called a ship. Others were called a boat. Now the norm is ignored. The crew members who sail a ship are called sailors or hands who take turns to take the watch. In modern times the voyage of sailing ships for transportation of passengers and cargo is not desirable as this would take months. Expeditions explorations and scientific voyages or training jaunts are undertaken on sailing ships even at present. Fine models of sailing ships are on display at the prestigious American Marine Model Gallery in Salem Massachusetts. During the Great Age of Sail Salem Massachusetts was one of Americas busiest seaports and maritime centers.